For decades, celebrities have been endorsing products and influencing the purchase decisions of the masses. But the past few years, many brands have been switching to influencer marketing.
In fact, influencer marketing has become so popular that it was a $13.8 billion industry in 2021.
But what exactly is the difference between getting celebrities to promote your product and working with influencers on social media?
And why is influencer marketing on social media considered to be so much better than celebrity endorsements?
Table of Contents
Influencers vs. Celebrities: The Difference
First, let’s try to understand the main differences between influencer marketing and celebrity endorsements.
It can be easy to confuse the two, as they both involve marketing a product, service, or brand through a famous and highly influential individual.
Some of the biggest differences between influencer marketing and celebrity endorsement include:
Celebrities don’t necessarily have to be experts in the type of products they’re promoting.
You may see pop stars like Justin Bieber promoting Calvin Klein underwear, or Selena Gomez promoting Adidas Neo.
They aren’t fashion designers and have no involvement in developing those products.
Then, why does a celebrity endorsement from them still generate good results for brands?
Because they have a mass appeal. Millions of fans look up to them and maybe willing to try anything they endorse.
On the other hand:
Influencer marketing works mainly because the social media influencer has expertise in the type of products they’re promoting.
Their endorsements, in contrast to a celebrity endorsement, are considered trustworthy and relevant because they’re considered experts in their respective niches.
Another significant difference between celebrity endorsements and influencer marketing is that a celebrity endorsement is more likely one-way communication.
Influencers, on the other hand, tend to inspire engagement within their social media audience and target market.
A celebrity may be endorsing a product in a TV ad or social media ad. While those ads are meant to be seen and heard, fans can’t really interact with them.
Here’s a Chanel No.5 endorsement by Brad Pitt:
The viewers can only see this ad but they can’t interact with it.
When a social media influencer promotes a product through sponsored content or a product feature, it could result in two-way communication on social media.
Influencers have the ability to start a conversation with their social media followers. Not all of them may continue interacting with their fans in the comments.
But they generally manage to engage their audiences enough to keep them talking about the promoted product across social media.
3. Content Creation
One major difference between celebrities and influencers is that most influencers are great content creators. Especially, on social media.
In the case of celebrity endorsements, the brand or marketing agency comes up with an idea and a storyline for promoting the product.
The celebrity only plays their role and contributes their influence to the campaign.
In other words, a celebrity endorsement may be the face of the campaign, but not the brains behind it.
On the other hand:
Most influencers are experts in their respective fields. They participate in creating the promotional content, and sometimes even control the message.
Brands may give them a few guidelines on what they need from the campaign, but the influencer is in charge of the voice and tone in the sponsored content.
In other words, they have creative freedom when promoting the brand’s product or service.
She created a recipe using one of the brand’s ingredients, provided her readers with tips to create the same dish, and then promoted the brand’s giveaway campaign.
She’s the one who controlled the content and messaging for the sponsored post.
Image via Body Rebooted
An important point to note is that some brands still make the mistake of treating influencers like celebrities.
What do I mean by this?
They try to control what the influencer says, and how they promote the product. This could harm their relationship with the influencer.
And may even affect the quality of content being produced for your marketing strategy.
In a survey by Crowdtap, a majority of influencers claimed that they would be willing to work with a brand more than once if they were granted creative freedom.
As mentioned earlier, a celebrity endorsement tends to have a huge impact on the purchase decisions of the masses.
Their reach expands across various demographics and customer personas because they have built their followings through offline careers.
Normally, a famous actor, model, musician, or athlete would be considered a traditional celebrity.
However, in the case of social media influencers:
Most of them have built a following on social media and other online channels. Their reach usually focuses on a specific niche audience on social media platforms.
An influential gaming YouTuber wouldn’t normally endorse a fashion line or beauty brand, but they would endorse gaming and tech products, or perhaps even geeky fandom merchandise.
In some cases, there may be a gray area that mixes some elements of the two strategies together.
An athlete may be considered a celebrity, but their celebrity endorsement of a sportswear line could somehow be seen as a form of influencer marketing.
Why Choose Influencer Marketing Over Celebrity Endorsements?
A few years ago, advertising and marketing management was mainly comprised of a well-known celebrity endorsing a product on T.V., billboards, or in magazines.
But nowadays, the advertising industry has been overtaken by digital influencers, like bloggers and YouTubers, and various other social media platforms.
Influencer marketing proves to be more beneficial than celebrity endorsements for most brands.
Some of the main reasons why influencer marketing is better than celebrity endorsements are:
1. Cost-Effectiveness and Cost Flexibility
You may have heard of A-list celebrities getting paid millions of dollars to become brand ambassadors.
Beyoncé, for example, earned $50 million to promote Pepsi back in 2012.
Many brands may be unable to fork up the millions required to work with a top celebrity. They may, however, have the budget to promote their products or services through a famous TV personality.
However, working with celebrities is still much more expensive than working with social media influencers.
According to a report by The Economist, celebrities with more than 7 million Instagram followers may charge as much as $150,000 for one sponsored social media post.
As the size of their social media following increases, the cost of sponsored posts on social media also rises.
While social media influencers with millions of followers may also be expensive to work with, they normally don’t charge as much as celebrities do.
Brands with a limited budget can also choose from mid-level influencers and micro-influencers.
This is exactly where influencer marketing trumps celebrity endorsements.
There is flexibility in terms of cost when working with social media influencers, but that isn’t always true with celebrity endorsements.
For a sponsored Instagram post, you can find social media influencers who charge less than $250 for one branded post on social media.
In fact, 97% of micro-influencers only charge $500 or less according to We are Social Media.
And if you’re looking to collaborate with micro-influential bloggers for your marketing campaign, most of them would charge you $1000 or less for one sponsored post.
One of the features of working with influencers is that they’re generally experts in their respective fields. And this is where they differ from mainstream celebrities.
Meanwhile, celebrities typically do not have any in-depth knowledge about the products they’re endorsing.
This feature is also one of the main benefits of influencer marketing. People turn to these individuals for advice, tips, and recommendations in regard to consumer products.
If you were considering buying a product, what would you trust more?
Recommendations and advice from someone who’s an expert about said products, or someone who’s simply famous?
A study conducted by Collective Bias found that only 3% of consumers would consider purchasing a celebrity-endorsed product, while 30% would buy a product endorsed by a non-celebrity influencer.
In addition to this:
A Twitter and Annalect study found that people trust influencers almost as much as their friends.
Due to this high level of trust, influencers have the ability to drive purchases and influence people’s decisions.
Image via Twitter
Let’s say you've just launched a new line of makeup. You want to raise awareness about the product within your target market.
And you also want to win the audience’s trust so that they feel comfortable buying the product.
Who would you like to partner with?
A celebrity or an influencer?
You can get a celebrity endorsement of the product. But that’s only going to bring you brand exposure, which may not be enough to drive purchases.
However, if you choose to promote the product through someone who actually knows something about makeup and beauty, it could make a huge difference.
An influential makeup expert could demonstrate how the product works. Or they could give their honest opinion about the product.
What they say about the product will be viewed as an expert opinion, and may result in more conversions.
To promote their Star Wars: Battlefront video game, Electronic Arts combined the two elements for optimum results.
They had actress Anna Kendrick star in their live-action trailer. Being a well-known, mainstream celebrity, Kendrick’s celebrity endorsement helped engage the masses.
But to engage a more niche audience of gamers, they promoted the game through influential gamers like Greg Miller (@GameOverGreggy).
That’s because the social media influencer has more than 750,000 Twitter followers. He also has a lot of influence in the gaming niche.
That makes him a reliable source of reviews and recommendations about video games.
As mentioned earlier, social media influencers are great content creators. They gained their influential status due to their ability to create content that appeals to and engages their audience.
So when they create sponsored content, they can generate a lot of engagements for the brand on social media.
This is another reason why influencer marketing is much better than celebrity endorsements when it comes to a marketing strategy.
When an influencer creates sponsored content to promote a product or service, the content often aligns with their usual posts, (if the brand grants them creative freedom).
To further explain this:
These are people who already know what kind of content engages their audience.
So they are able to create sponsored content that features the product but is still engaging and authentic.
But with celebrities, they’re normally just the face of an advertising campaign created by a brand. So their celebrity endorsement seem less authentic.
This is perhaps why there’s such a huge contrast in the level of engagement between influencer marketing and celebrity endorsements.
Another Collective Bias study found that people spend an average of 2 minutes and 21 seconds on influencer content.
This is a big difference considering that people only spend about 9 seconds viewing online ads.
Let’s compare the engagement rates of Instagram posts from a mainstream celebrity and an influencer to understand this better.
The post received more than 9,600 likes and 97 comments. Not too impressive considering Wilde has more than 2 million followers.
On the other hand:
A sponsored post by beauty influencer Bunny Meyer about the new Puma creepers received more than 43,000 likes and 1,000 comments.
She too has more than 2 million social media followers, but there’s a huge difference between how well they engage their followers.
Influencer Marketing v Celebrity Endorsements: Which is Better?
You now understand some of the biggest reasons why influencer marketing works so much better than celebrity endorsements.
Does this mean that you should shun celebrities altogether for your promotional campaigns?
No, you shouldn’t.
With their massive reach and millions of followers, celebrities still have the power to raise awareness about your brand. It all depends on your campaign goals and marketing budget.
If you have the funds, you could try combining both influencer marketing and celebrity endorsements.
For example, have one major celebrity be the face of your brand. They can help you raise awareness about your brand among the masses.
Then, you can also partner with several relevant social media influencers to reach a niche audience, like in the case of Electronic Arts.
There’s no denying that celebrity endorsements have their benefits. People are losing trust in advertising, and blocking online banner ads on their browsers.
So it is wise to take a more personalized, and trustworthy approach to reach your target audience through digital marketing.
Need help to find influencers to work with or to launch an influencer marketing campaign?
Feel free to connect with me.